Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom
Glasgow Museums - The Burrell Collection
Wool warp and weft; wool pile
H: 5055mm, W: 2439mm
Azerbaijan, Shemakha, Shirvan
A 17th century Caucasian pile carpet, better known as a Dragon carpet for its iconic design. Its red-background is dominated by a lattice system of two wide vegetal stems in ivory and in blue, overlapping each other in a drop-repeat directional layout. Covering each of the intersections of the lattice system are large multi-coloured palmettes of various designs. In the diamond shaped voids, or compartments, enclosed by the lattice are positioned a variety of animals including two rows of yellow “S” shaped dragons (hence the carpet’s name), three rows of pairs of deer fawns, two rows of pairs of flaming lion-and-chi-lin in combat. On the blue lattice branches are illustrated pheasants above ducks. The carpet’s narrow border has an ivory-coloured background decorated with a multi-coloured scroll of flowers.
Considered to be of one of the earliest types of Caucasian carpets, a product of a cottage industry, this carpet’s design is thought to be based on earlier, and much less abstracted, Iranian prototypes. These Caucasian versions were made for the trade and its many routes.
Manufacturing techniques and stylistic analysis
Gifted by Sir William and Lady Burrell to the City of Glasgow, 1944
Noorah Al-Gailani "Dragon Carpet" [db_in_citation_dca] 2019. http://carpets.museumwnf.org/database_item.php?itemId=object;DCA;uk;Mus31;14;en
Prepared by: Noorah Al-Gailani
MWNF Working Number: UK1_014