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 © Muzej primenjene umetnosti, Beograd © Muzej primenjene umetnosti, Beograd

Name of Object:

Kilim (2)


Belgrade, Serbia

Holding Museum:

Museum of Applied Art


Around 1925

Type of object:


Museum Inventory Number:


Material(s) / Technique(s):

Wool; weaving


H: 178cm, W: 73cm (each item)




A pair of the Pirot kilims of the so-called draper type was used as a double-bed cover. The kilims were part of the dowry of Miroslava Živanović, the daughter of Dušan Živanović, a judge of the Court of Cassation in Pirot. In both kilims, the central field features a large medallion filled with the so called devil’s knee (vraško koleno) ornament, whereas the remaining space is filled with the ornament called bibice. The wide outer border (ploča), which frames the central field on three sides, is also filled with the devil’s knee ornament. The colours used are dark red, black and white. Although very old, the devil’s knee ornament has remained one of the favourite motifs in the Pirot kilim-making. Its name is derived from the folk round dance (kolo), in which dancers form a circle, due to which the ornament has an apotropaic function. It was believed that the more “circles” and “wreaths” there were in a home, the stronger the protection from all evil powers. The same ornament can also be found in Anatolian kilims woven in the provinces of Van, Aydın and Esme.

How date and origin were established:

By stylistic analysis, material and technique; by historical research (belonged to the third generation of a family)

How Object was obtained:

Purchased in 2015

Selected bibliography:

Maskareli, D., “Kilim (2)”, Journal, Belgrade: Museum of Applied Art, n. s. 11 (2015): 110–111.
Hull, A., and Luczyc-Wyhowska, J., Kilim: The Complete Guide, History, Pattern, Technique, Identification, London: Thames&Hudson, 2008.
Vitković-Žikić, M., Pirotski ćilimi = Les Kilims de Pirot, Belgrade: Muzej primenjene umetnosti, 2001.
Petković, M., and Vlatković, R., Pirotski ćilim [Abstract in English], Belgrade: Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti, 1996.
Stojanović, D., Pirotski ćilimi [Summary in English], Belgrade: Muzej primenjene umetnosti, 1987.

Citation of this web page:

Draginja Maskareli "Kilim (2)"  [db_in_citation_dca]  2018.;DCA;sb;Mus31;19;en

Prepared by: Draginja Maskareli

MWNF Working Number: RS1_019