Museum of Applied Art
H: 178cm, W: 73cm (each item)
A pair of the Pirot kilims of the so-called draper type was used as a double-bed cover. The kilims were part of the dowry of Miroslava Živanović, the daughter of Dušan Živanović, a judge of the Court of Cassation in Pirot. In both kilims, the central field features a large medallion filled with the so called devil’s knee (vraško koleno) ornament, whereas the remaining space is filled with the ornament called bibice. The wide outer border (ploča), which frames the central field on three sides, is also filled with the devil’s knee ornament. The colours used are dark red, black and white. Although very old, the devil’s knee ornament has remained one of the favourite motifs in the Pirot kilim-making. Its name is derived from the folk round dance (kolo), in which dancers form a circle, due to which the ornament has an apotropaic function. It was believed that the more “circles” and “wreaths” there were in a home, the stronger the protection from all evil powers. The same ornament can also be found in Anatolian kilims woven in the provinces of Van, Aydın and Esme.
By stylistic analysis, material and technique; by historical research (belonged to the third generation of a family)
Purchased in 2015
Maskareli, D., “Kilim (2)”, Journal, Belgrade: Museum of Applied Art, n. s. 11 (2015): 110–111.
Hull, A., and Luczyc-Wyhowska, J., Kilim: The Complete Guide, History, Pattern, Technique, Identification, London: Thames&Hudson, 2008.
Vitković-Žikić, M., Pirotski ćilimi = Les Kilims de Pirot, Belgrade: Muzej primenjene umetnosti, 2001.
Petković, M., and Vlatković, R., Pirotski ćilim [Abstract in English], Belgrade: Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti, 1996.
Stojanović, D., Pirotski ćilimi [Summary in English], Belgrade: Muzej primenjene umetnosti, 1987.
Draginja Maskareli "Kilim (2)" [db_in_citation_dca] 2018. http://carpets.museumwnf.org/database_item.php?itemId=object;DCA;sb;Mus31;19;en
Prepared by: Draginja Maskareli
MWNF Working Number: RS1_019