Kilim, Rašić's pattern
Museum of Applied Art
First half of the 20th century
H: 344 cm, W: 277cm
At the end of the 19th and in the first decades of the 20th century Pirot kilims were very popular in urban interiors in Serbia. The kilim of large size belongs to batal type which was used for floor covering. It was owned by Borislav Muškatirović, ironmonger from Belgrade and his wife Nada. The kilim was decorated with Rašić's pattern (Rašićeva šara) and the colours used are red, black, blue, green, orange, yellow and white. Rašić's pattern was named after divisional general Mihailo Rašić, who served as an orderly officer, adjutant and Court Marshal to King Milan and King Alexander of Serbia in the late 19th century. According to tradition, Rašić escorted king Milan on the journey to the East and brought back the kilim with the pattern which Pirot weavers used as a sample. The same patterns are found on Karabakh kilims from Caucasus and Sivas and Malatya kilims from Anatolia.
By stylistic analysis, material and technique; by historical research (belonged to the second generation of a family)
Donated by Ms Vera Muškatirović from Belgrade in 2010
Maskareli, D., “Kilim (2)”, Journal, Belgrade: Museum of Applied Art, n. s. 11 (2015): 110–111.
Hull, A., and Luczyc-Wyhowska, J. , Kilim: The Complete Guide, History, Pattern, Technique, Identification, London: Thames&Hudson, 2008.
Vitković-Žikić, M., Pirotski ćilimi = Les Kilims de Pirot, Belgrade: Muzej primenjene umetnosti, 2001.
Petković, M., and Vlatković, R., Pirotski ćilim [Abstract in English], Belgrade: Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti, 1996.
Stojanović, D., Pirotski ćilimi [Summary in English], Belgrade: Muzej primenjene umetnosti, 1987.
Draginja Maskareli "Kilim, Rašić's pattern" [db_in_citation_dca] 2018. http://carpets.museumwnf.org/database_item.php?itemId=object;DCA;sb;Mus31;15;en
Prepared by: Draginja Maskareli
MWNF Working Number: RS1_015