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Photograph: Costin Miroi, Marius Preda,  © Muzeul Naţional de Artă al României

Name of Object:

Prayer rug


Bucharest, Romania

Holding Museum:

The National Museum of Art of Romania


Early 19th century

Type of object:

Prayer rug

Museum Inventory Number:

113494/ 1033

Material(s) / Technique(s):

Wool; knotted; symmetrical knot


H: 190cm, W: 130cm; knot density ver. 43/dm; hor. 37/dm; 1,591/dm2

Period / Dynasty:



Turkey, western Anatolia, Kula


The composition of the central field recalls the triple-arch design of certain Ottoman court rugs; only this time the lateral niches are merely suggested and the columns are made up of decorative floral bands. The column bases also feature floral patterns, and, instead of the lamp evoking Sura An-Nur (“The Light”), a flower garland is hanging from the apex of the centre niche. The main border of alternating palmettes and rosettes is reminiscent of classical carpet borders (16th–17th centuries). Compared to these, the layout of the present rug is lacking in accuracy, which accounts for the incomplete motifs in the bottom left corner. The rug is however remarkable for the balanced palette of warm and cool hues and its exquisite workmanship, qualities not to be found in later Kula carpets which will resort to a more subdued colour range and a rather coarse weave.

How date and origin were established:

Stylistic analysis

How Object was obtained:

Purchased; formerly in the Dr Iosif N. Dona Collection

Selected bibliography:

Dunca, Mircea, Covoare turceşti, secolele XVII–XX, Bucharest: Muzeul Naţional de Artă al României, 1994: cat. 20.
Dunca, Mircea, Islamic Art at the National Museum of Art of Romania, Bucharest: Muzeul Naţional de Artă al României, 2015: no. 4.

Citation of this web page:

Mircea Dunca "Prayer rug"  [db_in_citation_dca]  2019.;DCA;rm;Mus31;8;en

Prepared by: Mircea Dunca
Translation by: Victoria Gheorghita
Translation copyedited by: Mandi Gomez

MWNF Working Number: RO1_008