MWNF Thematic Galleries

MWNF Portal

Photograph: Costin Miroi, Marius Preda,  © Muzeul Naţional de Artă al României

Name of Object:

Prayer rug


Bucharest, Romania

Holding Museum:

The National Museum of Art of Romania


First half of the 19th century

Type of object:

Prayer rug

Museum Inventory Number:


Material(s) / Technique(s):

Wool; knotted; symmetrical knot


H: 160cm, W: 110cm; knot density ver. 42/dm; hor. 35/dm; 1,470/dm2

Period / Dynasty:



Turkey, southwestern Anatolia, Milas


The singular shape of the mihrab on Milas prayer rugs with its two side indentations can be traced back to 17th- and 18th-century Ottoman carpets. Here, a triangular indentation has been added at the bottom of the niche. The red ground of the mihrab is decorated with parallel rows of small red or white floral motifs. The inner side of the niche is edged all around with tiny blossoms. Different coloured stylised flowers identical in shape cover the white area of the spandrels. The rather unusual decoration of the wide border includes eight-pointed stars separated by red octagons. The warm colour scheme dominated by a strong red is typical of 19th-century Milas carpets.

How date and origin were established:

Stylistic analysis

How Object was obtained:

Purchased (art trade)

Selected bibliography:

Dunca, Mircea, Covoare turceşti, secolele XVII–XX, Bucharest: Muzeul Național de Artă al României, 1994: cat. 42.
Dunca, Mircea, De la mihrab la grădina paradisului, Bucharest: Muzeul Național de Artă al României, 2006: cat. 4.
Tuna, Ali Riza, “Later Ottoman Rugs”, in Stefano Ionescu (ed.), Antique Ottoman Rugs in Transylvania, ed. II, Rome: Verduci Editore, 2007: 220–1.

Citation of this web page:

Mircea Dunca "Prayer rug"  [db_in_citation_dca]  2019.;DCA;rm;Mus31;10;en

Prepared by: Mircea Dunca
Translation by: Victoria Gheorghita
Translation copyedited by: Mandi Gomez

MWNF Working Number: RO1_010