Museum of Islamic Art (MIA)
Wool; pile weave
H: 250cm, W: 103cm
This carpet is a fine example of the production of workshops of southern Castile and which were most probably sold in Alcaraz. Manufactured in the 15th century by weavers of the Mudéjar population (i.e. the Muslim population living in Spain after the Reconquista), these carpets were integrating Renaissance and Byzantine designs with already known Islamic designs.
This specific carpet is missing one of its original edges, which explains its irregular shape.
It is composed of three octagonal roundels decorated with stylised designs of arabesque, what has become in the 20th century the "Holbein design". Such name was given in reference to the well-known paintings of Hans Holbein the Younger and paintings of various 15th- and 16th- century artists where Anatolian and Syrian carpets of this kind were represented.
A decorative band of geometrical patterns surrounds the central motifs. The bottom part bears a band of repeating animals, maybe lions.
Spanish carpets demonstrate, with other objects produced in the 15th century, the trade expansion in the Mediterranean, which designs were influenced by textiles and ceramics from western Anatolia. Moreover, Spanish carpets were exported to France and Italy from the 13th to the 15th century.
This carpet has been dated based on stylistic comparisons with other known Mudéjar carpets from the same period
This carpet has been stylistically attributed to Alcaraz, Spain based on comparisons with further examples
Franses, Michael, “A Museum of Masterpieces: Iberian & East Mediterranean Carpets in the Museum of Islamic Art, Qatar”, Hali, 157 (Autumn 2008): 69–95.
Mounia Chekhab-Abudaya "Mudéjar carpet" [db_in_citation_dca] 2019. http://carpets.museumwnf.org/database_item.php?itemId=object;DCA;qt;Mus31;3;en
Prepared by: Mounia Chekhab-Abudaya
MWNF Working Number: QT1_003