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Photograph: José Pessoa,  © MNAA/ADF


Name of Object:

Presentation of the Child in the Temple

Location:

Lisbon, Portugal

Holding Museum:

National Museum of Ancient Art

Date:

1538

Type of object:

Painting

Artists:

Garcia Fernandes

Period of activity:

Active between 1514‒1565

Museum Inventory Number:

1068 PINT

Material(s) / Technique(s):

Oil on oak panel

Dimensions:

H: 140cm, W: 95.5cm

Workshop / Movement:

Unknown

Provenance:

Portugal, unknown location

Description:

The production of knotted carpets in Portugal has been documented since the 14th century, mostly in association with the Moorish community. With the expulsion of the Muslims and Jews in 1496 by King Manuel I (1469‒1521; r.1495‒1521), the Portuguese carpet workshops were inevitably abandoned and the manufacturing tradition was lost. Aside from local production, Portuguese consumers imported high-quality items as well. This ensured the supply of luxury goods to the wealthier clientele. Despite that Spanish carpets were esteemed throughout the 15th century, according to representations in paintings, by the second quarter of the 16th century, they were replaced by Ottoman carpets produced in the regions of Anatolia and Uşak.
Although, surprisingly, there are no surviving examples of this type of carpet in Portugal, its presence in paintings, as well as in other documentary sources such as in inventories, confirms their presence in Portuguese interiors, thus enabling us to identify the patterns and original colours of the imported carpets. This is the case with this painting, where a Turkish carpet, placed on the floor near the altar, displays most probably a “small-pattern Holbein” design: it comprises a repeated pattern of alternating quatrefoils and octagonal medallions, with kufic script motifs represented in detail on the red border.

How date and origin were established:

Technical information provided by José Alberto Seabra de Carvalho

How Object was obtained:

Transferred from the Convent of Santa Joana, Lisbon, Portugal, at an unknown date

How provenance was established:

Stylistic analysis and material dating

Selected bibliography:

Hallett, Jessica and Pereira, Teresa Pacheco, The Oriental Carpet in Portugal: Carpets and paintings, 15th‒18th centuries, Lisbon: MNAA, 2007.

Citation of this web page:

Ana Kol "Presentation of the Child in the Temple"  [db_in_citation_dca]  2019. http://carpets.museumwnf.org/database_item.php?itemId=object;DCA;pt;Mus31_D;24;en

Prepared by: Ana Kol
Translation by: Lily Chadwick
Translation copyedited by: Mandi Gomez

MWNF Working Number: PT1_024


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