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Photograph: José Pessoa,  © MNAA/ADF


Name of Object:

Carpet

Location:

Lisbon, Portugal

Holding Museum:

National Museum of Ancient Art

Date:

17th century

Type of object:

Textile; carpet

Artists:

Unknown

Museum Inventory Number:

19 TP

Material(s) / Technique(s):

Linen and wool; embroidered; oblique or Slavic cross-stitch (known as ponto de Arraiolos)

Dimensions:

H: 230cm, W: 128cm

Workshop / Movement:

Arraiolos, Portugal

Provenance:

Portugal, Arraiolos

Description:

Even though the manufacture of Arraiolos carpets has been documented since the late 16th century, the earliest surviving examples are from the first third of the 17th century. In essence, these early pieces reveal a marked similarity to oriental carpets, especially those from Iran, but also from Turkey. Although there are no Turkish carpets in Portuguese collections, other documentary and iconographic sources confirm the presence of them in Portugal, especially during the first half of the 16th century. Just as with paintings, where representations of carpets of Turkish and Iranian origin have been recognised, some Arraiolos carpets bear testimony to the consumption habits of old, attesting to their presence in, and influence upon Portuguese artistic production. Such is the case with this example, whose composition recalls those of the “small-pattern Holbein”-type carpets, made in Anatolia.
Despite that today it appears yellowish, the profusely decorated border was originally red and would have contrasted vividly with the blue field, where large palmettes form orthogonal lines, alternated with miniscule birds, which frame small rosettes.

How date and origin were established:

Technical information provided by Teresa Pacheco Pereira

How Object was obtained:

Transferred from the Convent of Santa Maria do Paraíso, Évora, Portugal, in 1897

How provenance was established:

Stylistic analysis and material dating

Selected bibliography:

Leite, Maria Fernanda Passos, “Tapetes de Arraiolos”, in Artes decorativas portuguesas no Museu Nacional de Arte Antiga: Séculos XV‒XVIII, Lisbon: MNAA, 1979.
Mendonça, Maria José de, “Tapetes de Arraiolos”, in Barreira, João (ed.), Arte Portuguesa – Artes Decorativas, Lisbon: Excelsior, n.d.
Pereira, Teresa Pacheco, Tapetes de Arraiolos, Lisbon: SILVIP, 1991.

Citation of this web page:

Ana Kol "Carpet"  [db_in_citation_dca]  2019. http://carpets.museumwnf.org/database_item.php?itemId=object;DCA;pt;Mus31_D;18;en

Prepared by: Ana Kol
Translation by: Lily Chadwick
Translation copyedited by: Mandi Gomez

MWNF Working Number: PT1_018


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